The Renaissance; new attitudes in art...

The Renaissance; new attitudes in art...

The 3 Italian painters da Vinci, Titian, and Tintoretto contributed mightily in changing art from the earlier church-oriented character of pre-renaissance to the visually more intense and humanistic character of the renaissance. The renaissance and later variations, for almost 400 years, represent what might be considered “traditional” European art, until the development of impressionism; although at the time of the renaissance, the art then developing was of course seen as being “new and different”.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Leonado da Vinci...

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance man, a man whose unquenchable curiosity was equaled only by his powers of invention...

...while there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of the world is essentially logical rather than mysterious... ”



Mona_Lisa


Madonna with the Carnation.




Madonna of the Rocks.



Leonardo da Vinci painted a number of religious items, but in a much stronger and more natural-appearing humanistic form.

Another strong feature of the renaissance was the painting of people who looked like real people, just as you might like to see them...




... and the development of nudes for the simple object of painting a nude.



Titian

1488/1490 “Titian is generally thought of as the leading exemplar of the Venetian school, the artist who offers a significant alternative to the 16th-century Renaissance vision of Raphael, Michelangelo and Leonardo. In some respects, he combines qualities that can be associated with Raphael and Leonardo but generally puts them to new uses. His religious paintings, for example, suggest the architectural structure of Raphael's paintings for the Stanza della Segnatura but in the two examples below, he has subverted the balanced composition that Raphael created. The Assumption of the Virgin has a strong sense of upward movement which is quite unlike the harmonious balance of Raphael's Disputà while the Pesaro Madonna is dominated by a dramatic, diagonally oriented composition. The instability created in both these works suggests two things: a stronger relationship to the more individualistic styles of the mid-16th century artists who are thought of as mannerists and a new interest in using movement, rather than harmonious balance, as an organizational principle.”

http://www.radford.edu/rbarris/art216sumfall/Venetian Renaissance.html



Titian: Assumption of the Virgin, 1516-18



These pictures are examples of his earlier style in religious paintings. They are large (22', 16') and overwelming in terms of color and action.


Titian: the Pesaro Madonna, 1519-26

In his time, Titian was sometimes known for two things: the sensitive portraits which made him a favored portrait painter of the Emperor, and his paintings of nude women, many of which were made for patrons who wanted erotic paintings. ...

below: Titian: Portrait of Pope Paul III, 1543; Titian: Portrait of Federigo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, 1536; Titian: Isabella d'Este (Isabella in Black), c.1536.







Titian: Venus of Urbino, 1538

During the course of his long life Titian's artistic manner changed drastically but he retained a lifelong interest in color. In later work his strong, loose brushwork and manner... have overwelming impact.

Venus with a Mirror. c.1555



Tintoretto

1518 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Tintoretto...

Tintoretto (September 29, 1518 – May 31, 1594), real name Jacopo Comin, was an Italian painter and a notable exponent of the Venetian Renaissance school. For his phenomenal energy in painting he was termed Il Furioso, and his dramatic use of perspectival space and special lighting effects make him a precursor of Baroque art.

... “His ambition was nothing less than to transform Venetian painting by adding to its distinguishing qualities of brilliantly harmonious colouring and pleasant grace of form the merits of the Florentine and Roman schools, a knowledge of anatomy which excels in the nude, dramatic mise en scene, a pose full of movement, a vigorous contrast of light and shade. ... 'The drawing of Michelangelo and the colouring of Titian' (Il disegno di Michelangelo, il colorito del Tiziano). To fit himself for carrying out this magnificent but difficult programme Robusti devoted himself to unremitting labour. He studied the ancient statues; he had sent to him from Florence the reductions which Daniel of Volterra had made in plaster of Michelangelo's masterpieces, "Dawn", "Noonday", "Twilight", and "Night"; he drew incessantly from the living model or the draped lay figure; he dissected dead bodies; he worked not only by sunlight but also by the flicker of torches in order to master the varied play of light. ...”



...

Finding of the body of St Mark (1548).


Miracle of the Slave (1548).


Mary Martha



LedaAndTheSwan












Tntoretto, Christ at Sea of Galilee 1575-80.jpg




Medieval art and its later variations, Romanesque, Gothic...

To really appreciate the amazing advance of renaissance art its a good idea to look at some medieval art and its later variations, Romanesque and Gothic. Mediaval art was almost completely catholic and orthodox religious art. While renaissance art often delt with religious elements, the art was almost always formost.

Wikipedia suggests that “A generally accepted scheme includes Early Christian art, Migration Period art, Byzantine art, Insular art, Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque art, and Gothic art, as well as many other periods within these central styles.” ... “Romanesque art refers to the art of Western Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 13th century,...” “Gothic art was a Medieval art movement that developed in France out of Romanesque art in the mid-12th century, ... It spread to all of Western Europe, but took over art more completely north of the Alps, never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy”. Here are some examples... (I am restricting my attention to examples relating to painting.)



















...links:


My Art; an Online Review...

Traditional-Modern Fine Art

and some more of my own pictures...

LANDSCAPES, SEASCAPES, PEOPLE AND PLACES, FINE ART NUDES


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